Is Your Airbnb Helping Or Hurting The Local Economy?

When you explore a destination through the eyes of a local, you often have a much more authentic experience. Isn’t this what most of us are after when we travel? The chance to really immerse ourselves in an environment? To return home with stories of hidden gems, only a true local would know about.

Enter Airbnb: A platform practically designed for travelers to live like a local, by staying in a local’s home.

Companies like Airbnb and Uber redefined the sharing economy experience by turning it into a consumer good. Dare I say it, they even made it sexy. While folks have been opening up their homes to strangers, or picking up hitchhikers for decades, collaborative consumption took on a new meaning after the 2008 economic crisis. What some may have once considered a less-appealing way of traveling was rebranded as chic and adventurous. The economic crash, financially left many folks on the same playing field. The solution was to put power back into the hands of the people, which is why a peer-to-peer economic model suddenly worked so well. This is exactly what Airbnb founders, Joe Gebbia and Brian Chesky did. The pair rented out the floor of their San Francisco flat to sojourners who were passing through during a conference. They even served them breakfast to sweeten the deal! Since then the company has expanded across the globe and given travelers a chance to stay in some pretty epic places. You want to stay in a treehouse in Bali? No problem! Airbnb can arrange that.

A guest entering a treehouse. Photo by KIMO on Unsplash

A guest entering a treehouse. Photo by KIMO on Unsplash

I’ve personally had amazing experiences staying in an Airbnb. I’m still friends with some of the hosts I’ve stayed with. My most memorable stay was with an adorable older couple in Corfu, Greece. They fed me and my travel companion, drove us around, and made us feel unbelievably welcome. One of the owners even shared how her grandmother was a refugee from Turkey, who migrated over to Greece by herself at the age of nine. Her grandmother was taken in by a local family and grew up to be one of the town’s matriarchs, owning several businesses in the old town. A pretty incredible story to say the least.

During another stay in Norway, I had a really meaningful conversation with my host about community, politics, and spirituality. It really shaped the way I explored the rest of my time in Norway.

Overall, booking a homestay is must in my book and Airbnb is a great company to do it with. Recently, they started to offer social impact experiences, which is great because it gives travelers a chance to be more connected to social causes.

But in the words of Uncle Ben, “with great power, comes great responsibility.” Not all homestay options have a fairytale ending.

As Airbnb has grown into a $30 billion dollar company, it’s outgrown it’s homegrown status. The median rent has increased in cities across the world as a result of Airbnb’s rapid growth. In places like, New Orleans, where recovery from Hurricane Katrina is ongoing, many of the properties being rented out are no longer owned by residents and it’s forcing locals out.

A sign in New Orleans warning tourists about the problems of Airbnb. Photo by Roman Palitsky.

A sign in New Orleans warning tourists about the problems of Airbnb. Photo courtesy of Roman Palitsky.

This phenomenon is happening around the world and in places where the structural integrity is already precarious. Take Florence, Italy for example, 20% of the houses in the historic center are listed on the Airbnb’s site. Due to this, there is concern that the locals are being pushed out of their homes because they can no longer afford to stay.

While these examples may be discouraging, they don’t mean you should break up with the sharing economy. After all, it ultimately allows us to be more connected with each other. But like any new technology or movement, it takes time to fully understand and to see what works and what doesn’t.

Here’s our checklist (for now) for determining whether or not your sharing economy experience is harming or helping the economy.

Airbnb & Homestay Options

  • Are you staying in a private room of a home, where the owner is present? Great! This usually means that they money is going directly to the owner and you’ll get to interact with the host.
  • If you decide you want to rent an entire home to yourself, ask the following questions:
    • Will I get to meet the host in person? If not, can I message them before booking to ask them about the surrounding neighborhood and their relationship to the property?  Hint: if the property owner doesn’t live in the same location as the rental, that’s a potential red flag. 
    • Does the rental owner have multiple property listings? People who buy and rent out multiple listings are likely banking on the fact that outsiders/ tourists are going to have more money to spend. They are also less likely to be locals themselves. This makes it harder for those looking to buy a home in that area.
    • Is the home part of a new development or in an area where there are a ton of other home- sharing options? If so, do some research on the neighborhood and the socio-economic issues that it faces. Avoid areas where gentrification is a contributing factor in pushing a community out of their homes.
    • Does a home sharing option comply with insurance regulations, building codes, and other rules of the destination? There’s a real legal battle over whether or not people should be able to rent out their apartments in places like New York City. This is partly because short-term rentals are technically considered taxable income and because of the nature of the service, subject to a hotel tax. According to a study called the High Cost of Short Term Rentals in New York City, by professor of Urban Planning at McGill University, David Wachsmuth, NYC has a big illegal Airbnb problem. Wachsmuth reports “Two Thirds of Revenue from Likely Illegal Listings: Entire-home/apartment listings account for 75% ($490 million) of total Airbnb revenue and represent 51% of total listings. 87% of entire-home reservations are illegal under New York State law, which means that 66% of revenue ($435 million) and 45% of all New York Airbnb reservations last year were illegal.”

Ride sharing

In general, ride sharing is a trend we can get behind. This kind of gig-empolyment gives freedom and flexibility to the car owner and puts money directly in the hands of the driver. However, there are still a few factors to look out for before opening up that app.

  • Does the company have a transparent tipping policy and do they make it easy for the driver to receive tips? If so, ride on!
  • Do the company’s policies protect consumers and their employees, specifically those at risk of harassment or discrimination? Look into how the company has handled past issues where a rider has reported unsafe or discriminatory conditions. We see you Uber.
  • Can I expect to pay the same amount between different car services? Again, in places like New York City, where there is a long-standing taxi culture, ride sharing platforms have caused problems for drivers who have spent their entire career as a cabbie. Suddenly, they’ve had to deal with the competition of companies like Uber and Lyft. Taxis provide fixed rate/ metered rides and are heavily regulated by the city, making it harder for them to compete with Uber’s supply-and-demand model.
A home in the city. Photo by Joseph Albanese on Unsplash

A home in the city. Photo by Joseph Albanese on Unsplash.

At the end of the day, there’s a lot of nuance to this issue. As always, do your best to research and examine the situation. Make a decision that resonates with you and your values.

Do you have an example of a sharing economy experience that helped or hurt the community? We’d love to hear from you!